Importance of human rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a document on individual rights, signed in Paris on December 10, 1948, whose drafting was promoted by the United Nations. This very important historical document produced by the Allies after the serious damage caused by the Second World War, was the first document to universally declare human rights.
When we talk about human rights, for everybody it is clear and obvious what we are talking about and if we ask what does “violation” of human rights mean, most times people answer “deprivation of freedom” in every its part: “Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms (….), without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs (…)” Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In particular, if we live in a democratic country, we don’t think about torture, genocide, ethnic cleansing, but we also don’t think about rape, for example, as a violation of human rights. This is a delicate topic, sometimes discussed with levity.
Salil Shetty, Amnesty International’s general secretary, writes:
“The ghosts of hatred and fear today are hovering widely in world affairs. In these difficult times, very few governments are on the side of human rights (…). Governments are shamefully pushing back the clock at the expense of decades of hard-fought conquests”.
To better understand the importance of human rights,
and to understand the effects of their violations we need to understand what it means to be tortured, raped, to be a witness of ethnic cleansing, genocide or homicide.
All these brutalities produce consequences in the human mind and if we know which scars they can leave, we can also understand why people and worst, government and States use these methods to have information, and unfortunately to feel pleasure. Also in refugee camps, places in which people lo
ok for refuge and protection, there is evidence of violations of human rights.
Why does it happen?
By Silvia from Italy