It is 27 years since the signing of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and while some things have improved massively, there are many old and new challenges facing the children of the world. Our Child Aid projects are still one of the many contributors working to make those promised children's rights a reality. Child Aid does exactly what it says: Aid the child, to grow, learn and live in safe and healthy conditions. All parents wish to create such conditions for their children, but poverty means many do not manage on their own.
Broadly based, Child Aid - a community based project - builds the capabilities of families and the communities around them in an inclusive program, recognizing that in order to nurture children successfully, the entire community must be strengthened. Families are brought together to address issues including health and sanitation, income generation, education, district development, environmental awareness, and participation of children.
Child Aid has extensive outreach programs with the whole community with information and lessons on health, nutrition, hygiene, environment and other issues, and with practical actions to improve conditions where needed. As well as families, primary schools are vitally important cooperation partners here - pupils, teachers and parents alike.
The concept of Child Aid also leaves space for locally determined additions to the main areas, and the projects operate using various structures in the organization of the children and their families, for example by forming Village Action Groups of 15-20 families with a coordinator, who is a volunteer from the local community. The Village Action Group works together in the day-to-day implementation of their own activities, and mobilizes more volunteers to participate.
TCE & HOPE
Stop HIV and AIDS
AIDS is the worst epidemic in human history. The epidemic was identified 33 years ago and today there is not one country in the world that does not have people infected with HIV. The HIV & AIDS epidemic is a global crisis, and it affects all of us. The HIV & AIDS epidemic has struck sub-Saharan Africa more than anywhere else, and within that region it has, like every epidemic, struck the poor and disadvantaged the hardest.
The spread of HIV & AIDS is exacerbated by lack of knowledge, unsanitary living conditions, inequality... and so the list goes on. The majority of people who are affected by HIV & AIDS are the poor, either by becoming infected and falling sick themselves or through the effects of the death of family members.
Total Control of the Epidemic (TCE) is a radical and systematic program developed by Humana People to People to fight the spread of AIDS. TCE uses highly trained local Field Officers who go door to door in villages and rural areas and spread their message directly to every individual in the area. Since starting in Zimbabwe in 2000, TCE has partnered with governments and major aid organisations like UNICEF and UNAIDS, the project has expanded to work in 12 countries across Africa and Asia and directly affected the lives of about 14 million people.
What makes the TCE Program unique is that it takes its point of departure from the fact that only people can liberate themselves from the epidemic - but it certainly also takes the participation from all of us to effectively wipe out this plague. In the tradition of the Humana People to People and its humanism founded on solidarity we humbly join the people of Africa in their struggle to get HIV/AIDS under control, and we invite Development Instructors to join this struggle.
In 1996 before TCE, Humana People to People started HOPE Centers, specifically working to fight AIDS. Today there are HOPE Centers in many countries across Africa. Each centre has a number of smaller HOPE Stations placed around as satellites.
From the HOPE Center, the project operates in three main lines: Health Services including Voluntary Counseling and Testing, Outreach Programs and Opinion Forming Activities. The people around the HOPE Center are organized around these activities. In Health Services, the HOPE Center facilitates HIV testing, combined with the necessary pre- and post-test counseling. The Centers promote the local health structures and link up with them in case of opportunistic diseases such as TB, and promote ARV treatment and adherence to treatments. Some HOPE Centers have their own testing facilities, while others refer to and cooperate with other test centers.
The Outreach Programs include positive living clubs, which are supporting people living with HIV, lessons in home based care and organization of volunteers to carry out home based care, lessons in nutrition and establishment of nutrition gardens, support for orphans and their caregivers, and much more. All essential services needed in the fight against AIDS and in dealing with the consequences of the AIDS epidemic. The HOPE projects perform Opinion Forming Activities by speaking up about HIV/AIDS in public, through the National AIDS Councils, and by having an extensive cooperation with other organizations and institutions, such as churches and schools, on a local as well as on a national level.
You can take direct action and be part of the fight against HIV & AIDS by volunteering at a TCE or HOPE project.
For more information about TCE see: http://www.tce-aids.org/
Some facts about HIV / AIDS:
76 million people in the world have been infected by HIV - the virus causing AIDS.
35 million people have died.
36.7 million people live with HIV / AIDS today.
19.4 million of those infected live in Southern and Eastern Africa
The number of AIDS related deaths each year has fallen by 48% since the peak in 2005
The HIV virus is not airborne or waterborne and with the right education and behavioural change this is an epidemic that can be stopped. Programs like TCE have helped the number of deaths and new infections fall dramatically over the past decade, but there is still a lot to do!
Humana People to People trains teachers who are capable of working in rural settings and are willing to do so under difficult conditions, with the ambition of creating change for the better. Humana Teacher Training Colleges train 2,700 teacher per year at 24 teacher training colleges in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and India, in cooperation with the Ministries of Education and as an integrated part of the education system, complementing government efforts and contributing to innovation and development of teacher training.
The Need for Teachers
Training teachers is absolutely vital when we look at development in general. Traditionally teachers have always played an important role in local communities. The Humana Teacher Training Colleges build on this role and equip the teacher with the necessary knowledge and skills to become an important force in the development of society.
The teacher will not just be part of shaping the next generation, he will also through his actions and examples strengthen progressive development and become an essential factor both at the school and in the local community. The teacher is in contact with all spheres of life and must be able to to supply the community with new energy. By training the teacher to live up to these expectations and using them as an active support for development, teachers can make a difference in the lives of hundreds of people and to the social and economic development in that community.
Currently, in countries like Mozambique and Angola, only 50% of children finish their primary education, and a much lower number accordingly will get any secondary or further education. This fact is a great obstacle to development. People without an education have very few possibilities to create new opportunities in their own lives and can contribute little to the development of their country. Humana People to People therefore sees it as one of its most important tasks to secure education for people at many different levels.
As a Development Instructor you can support the training of teachers by:
- Educating teachers to work in rural areas.
- Setting up pre-schools for the small children in the rural areas.
- Building schools where schools need to be built.
- Making campaigns in schools to improve facilities and methods of teaching.
- Setting up adult education centers.
- Starting and running vocational schools.
Vocational Schools aim to provide further education for young people so that they can be enabled to take an active part in the development of themselves and their country. Thousands of young people are trained in valuable skills such as agriculture, construction, motor mechanics and business administration, at 11 Vocational Schools in 6 countries
The training combines theoretical and practical elements including school subjects and general knowledge. The skills training takes centre stage and there is a strong crossover between studies in the classroom and practical exercises in the workshops or in the field. Periods of experience working in neighbouring commercial companies, farms or other institutions are a valuable part of the program, where the reality of working life blends with what the students have learned at school.
The Vocational schools are boarding schools and the students take part in operating the school institution together with their teachers as at One World Center. Planning, preparation and implementation of tasks within a certain area by taking personal responsibility trains and exercises valuable skills in each person. Culture, sports and a healthy lifestyle add to the personal development of the students.
An important aspect of the training is in community development which is an integrated part of the whole program at the school. By participating in a 1 year program, the students acquire a high level of working morals, develop a deep sense of responsibility, and increase their understanding of other cultures and of the other gender - all in all they learn to practice modern ways of thinking.
Humana People to People organizations operate in 19 countries in Europe and North America, among them some of the world’s richest. The basic philosophy is to create a stream of funds and useful commodities; from people who have, to people in other parts of the world who do not have. Everybody can participate and do some good with what they have - for example by donating their used clothes to be re-used. The collected clothes are either sold directly on the international market, or are shipped to sorting centers, where some go on to be sold in shops our shops in Europe and North America, while others donated to member organizations in Africa for re-sale.
Creating Social Development through Second Hand Clothes
The collection and resale of second hand clothes addresses environmental protection, economic development, and social development at the same time.
The environment is protected as the re-use of clothes saves resources for production of new clothes, minimizes the emission of greenhouse gasses, and spares the landfills from millions of tons of clothes each year.
Economic development is supported through job creation - jobs are created in the formal sector as well as in the informal sector with sorting, washing, transporting and selling the clothes - and through the local trade that stimulates economic activity.
Social development is supported, as the income from the trade both in Europe and the USA and in Africa is used for development projects.This capita constitutes a significant part of the financing of establishing and running projects in the Third World.
As a volunteer activist you can take part in the development of the retail industry in many developing countries where Humana People to People works. You will be involved in many actions to train staff and find ways to increase the profits so that we can create much more development.
This program trains small-scale farmers in sustainable agricultural practices such as conservation farming, and equips the farmers with knowledge they can use to adjust to the changing conditions. As an integrated part of the training, the farmers get organized around exploring and sharing water resources, securing inputs and marketing of their produce. General knowledge and skills within nutrition, health and community development are also included. This concept is called Farmers' Clubs.
The aim is to provide the farmers with such knowledge and organization that they can respond to the needs of their families and communities today, increase their income, and become integrated in the market economy. In many Farmers' Clubs the majority of the farmers are women. Thus the Farmers' Clubs can also be regarded as a gender program, empowering the women, and it includes many club activities, which also focus on the well-being of the whole family with regard to water and sanitation, nutrition, health and education.
The agriculture training of the farmers depends on the local conditions: some concentrate on crop husbandry, others on animal husbandry, some with irrigation, others pure dry-land farming. The farmers are organized in groups of 250 farmers with one project leader, who provides the agriculture training in practice and theory. The project leader also facilitate the organization of the farmers and trains them in self-organizing, so that lasting structures are built among them in the project period.
National agriculture extension services are integrated in the programs for mutual benefit - the farmers learn from the extension workers, and the extension system is reinforced in a dynamic exchange.
The Street Children Schools are social projects that contribute to the development of African countries by providing education to children in difficult situations; handicapped children, children without parents, HIV infected and affected children and the children who do not have the opportunity to attend school. The main aim of the schools are to enable the child to lead a sound productive life in the future.
Most children at the schools are day students. Besides the academic subjects, the students take part in a variety of lively and entertaining yet educative activities at the school. The culture and sporting programs help the children discover and develop their talents in the different disciplines.
Some of the children who have lived on the streets have a home at the schools. The boarding life provides the preconditions for the children to focus on preparing themselves academically and socially so they can realise their potential in life. They get a solid footing for their future, along with some very good years of school ife and safety in the company of responsible and caring adults. They learn academic, practical and social skills by living together. The children have access to counselling to help them overcome their difficulties.
The schools also involve the community in their activities. For example students form a theatre group and go out to the communtiy to entertain and educate on various aspects of life such as children’s rights, diseases, HIV/AIDS, and the importance of education. The theater groups reach out to the community through performances in different public areas also with messages focusing on peace and environmental protection.